Friday, 31 January 2014


(February 2009  January 2014)

The blog was first published on 9 February 2009, as an occasional 'administrative supplement' to, but is now closing transmission.

Today's posting is only the eighteenth on over these five years. Over this time it has received 112,614 page views – and 862 spam adverts in the form of anonymous or pseudonymous Comments (none of these were published).

The blog is archived on the Wayback Machine, where it can still be read. One may also cut and paste from there if required. Please feel free to do so if you find any of it helpful (acknowledgements of source are always welcome):


The particular Blogger format used proved very difficult to operate, which frankly made it aversive to use – I therefore increasingly neglected my '.com', incorporating elsewhere the sort of materials that it might have published .

Continue to follow me on line through my contributions to the following sites:
Thank you for visiting.

 NB This blog,, will of course continue as before.


Happy Year of the Horse

Video: a happy horse in Hong Kong:

And if you are superstitious:

Gong Hei Fat Choi

Thursday, 30 January 2014


Festivities ahead
And further change

For a goodly section of humankind, tomorrow will the first day of the Year of the Horse.

I draw no astrological conclusions from this, for myself or anyone else. But the Chinese New Year is now a matter of public remark in the West, which might remind the tiny, contained world of Western Conductive Education that there also exists a huge presence out there, Oriental Conductive Education. This presence has grown at rates beyond the wildest imaginings of many in the West. It follows it own ways, does its own research and publishes its own technical literature. It certainly has its own history and possibly its own future.

In the big wide world outside CE, effects of China's economic development have been felt in almost every every aspect of everyday life. Recently this development has begun to slow. In the Year of the Horse that will affect us too. Whatever happens, China does not go away. And as they say, allegedly –
A good horse never turns its head to eat the grass behind.
Now what on Earth does that mean?

Chinese New Year festivities begin tonight and last for up to fortnight. Conductive World will publish a few postings of a Chinese nature. The first, a scene-setter, appeared two days ago:

Tuesday, 28 January 2014


A bit of a base line

Seeking something else in back-postings of Conductive World today I came across an old item on Conductive Education in China with a fault in its formatting. So I opened the posting up and corrected the fault. In doing so I also re-read what I had written five years ago.

The posting is just over five years old. Those five years have been a long time in Conductive Education – and they have certainly been a long time in the recent social and economic history of China!

Since then there has been the VII. World Congress, held in Hong Kong and optimistically entitled East meets West. Since then, the Disabled People's Federation of China has made a formal connection with Tsad Kadima in Israel, the Hungarian CE company Moira has begun working in China, and I believe that individual conductors are beginning to appear there.

I myself hope that I understand a tiny bit more now about the question of Conductive Education in China (引导式教育), though this does not amount to a lot.

Here then is that posting, reformatted and a little out of date:

Sutton, A, (2009) Conductive Education in China: food for thought, Conductive World, 4 January

Monday, 27 January 2014


Intended commencement: Autumn 2015
An undergraduate course of study in special pedagogy with a focus on conductive pedagogy is planned at the Evangelische Hochschüle Nürnberg (Nuremberg Protestant College).
A positive meeting was held between representatives of the Bavarian Ministry of Social Affairs, Culture and Science, the Protestant University, the the Pfennigparade Foundation Munich and the German Conductors' Union in July of last year. All three ministries were positive about the course. The Ministry of Social Affairs and the Pfennigparade Foundation have offered financial support towards start-up funding over the immediate three to five years. The Ministry of Science is looking at the legal framework and will promote the planned 15 study places within the higher education plan.
An endowed chair [professorship] will be established for teachers in the focus area of conductive pedagogy focus area.
The course begins with the winter semester 2015/2016.

Wieviel stunden?

The course will award a bachelor's degree, a BA. It will extend over seven semesters, three and a half years. Read a little more detail about its content and structure:

It will be possible to spend some of the required practice time outside Germany.

Evangelische Hochschüle Nünrnberg

Information for foreign students:

A chair in conductive pedagogy?

Now there's something.

Sunday, 26 January 2014


Professional day in Hamar

I am sitting on a train that is gliding through snowy forests to the north of Oslo, having been to Hamar for a professional day with PTØ.. Twenty people were there, from PTØ's four centres. Outside my carriage window there's more snow falling and any water that is not running fast is well frozen over. The train of course is running on the dot.

Lovely country: it works. Lovely people: they work too but they seem to do this free of the destructive financial stringencies and managerialist frenzy that wreck so many workplaces and their potential in my own country. Recognising that I may hold partial, romanticised, rose-tinted views of this chill Trumpton of the North, the heirs of Noggin the Nog seems to have things pretty together.

Of course, the Norwegian economy floats on a sea of oil, North Sea oil to be precise, which certainly lubricates the wheels of life. This will not last to ever, but in the meantime its benefits seem to be enjoyed with a degree of well-heeled prudence and a sensible an eye to planning for the future. Which brings me to Conductive Education.

I have followed the saga of CE in Norway since it began some time in the early nineties (and not just PTØ). Like in all good sagas, there have been ups and downs and diversions, times of feasting and some battles too. Its own version of CE's story almost everywhere. In 2014 PTØ looks ready and well-provisioned for what might come next.

Saturday, 25 January 2014


Another strand to Hungarian politics

For a little while now I have have been puzzling what to make of an emerging public row in Hungary that initially seemed paradoxical, certainly to a mere non-Magyar – and perhaps to many row-weary Magyars too, both in Hungary itself and round the world.

Briefly, the Hungarian Government has announced that it will erect a memorial in Budapest that will bear the legend –

German occupation of Hungary, March 19, 1944
To the memory of all victims

At first sight this seemed reasonable to me. It will stand in Szabadság tér (Freedom Square) in Budapest, where also stands the Soviet War Memorial to the eighty-odd thousand Soviet troops who died liberating the city in the terrible winter of 1944-5. Perhaps a political point is being made by this location but it is also arguably a reasonable reflection of the sheer complexity of Hungary's past.

Fast upon the official announcement, however, came powerful rejection of the plan by Jewish, other minority and left-wing groups, along with thrtests to boycot the forthcoming Holocaust Day ceremony.

A recent major feature article by historian Krisztián Ungváry published in the social-political weekly HVG sheds some light. This article is now available in English translation too:

The story of course continues to unfold. The next news of it will probably come on Holocaust Memorial Day. After that, one has the possibility of a peek at what the memorial actually looks like (Krisztián Ungváry's account makes it sound fairly extraordinary).

(Maybe some future Hungarian regime will open a Fidesz Sculpture Park to house the cultural curiosities of these times, including this particular memorial, statues of Admiral Horthy, and by then who knows what.)

Two dates in April

The Hungarian General Election will be on 6 April.

A month ago, Conductive World reported the general-release date (US) for the forthcoming Hollywood film on the Siege, Walking with the Enemy. This will be on 25 April. It also wrote –
The film is inspired by the real-life story of Pinchas Tibor Rosenbaum. His name has been changed in the film, as has the fact that he did not use a Nazi uniform but that of the Arrow Cross to exercise his deception.
Perhaps the film-makers thought the political situation in Budapest at the end of 1944 and during the Siege of Budapest confusing and morally ambiguous enough for Western audiences, without including this level of complexity, especially in the light of current attempts in Hungary to rehabilitate Admiral Horthy.
No news yet of when or even whether it will be released in Hungary. It looks sure to provoke another political row.

Thursday, 23 January 2014


And the ageing brain/mind

An awful lot of people are concerned about their apparently failing memories. They see and hear far to much careless talk about Altzheimer's disease and fear that they are experiencing 'the first signs'.

I too have problems remembering things, people's names, where I have put something down, all sorts of stuff. I am usually fairly confident that 'it is in there somewhere', 'it will come to me' etc. A useful strategy then is to stop trying to remember. What I was seeking will probably then emerge suddenly into conscious accessibility after a short time. Just relax, get on with something else, it my take a little time but my brain/mind usually come up with something in the end, however deeply it seems buried under the cluttered debris of the years. As a result, I sometimes find it remarkable what a memory I do have – it just isn't instant. It may take patience to remember.

Not to panic, therefore. I expect that my experience in this respect is not uncommon.

I was not surprised to find the that the subject of the following news item has gained such widespread media attention over the last few days:

The model of old, overstuffed computers' slowing down refers to a phenomenon that is a commonplace nowadays. Its application to the ageing brain/mind is instantly recognisable and looks prime facie most plausible.

As far as I am concerned (and I suspect that this must go for a lot of people who have read reports of this), Michael Ramscar's suggestion accords well with subjective experience. It even offers practical pointers towards dealing with the phenomenon for those living with it!

Those with personal and professional reasons to be interested in aging brain/minds, with their practical problems and subjective responses (including anxieties), might like to follow this further:

By the way, I notice that almost without thinking I have written 'brain/mind' – because I just do not know how to assign this phenomenon.

Wednesday, 22 January 2014


What's new is not enough

As often, one of Ralph Strzełkowski's brief communiqués from the experiences of his life make me think of wider questions. His posting today epitomises one of CE's big problems in the twenty-first century: it just isn't news any more:

If it isn't new, it will will not get reported. If it isn't reported, then where and how does it find its supporters and enthusiasts, its users, its attraction for politician – and the money to pay for it?

In Hungary over the last few months, the Pető Institute has been enjoying – if that is the right word – media and political attention unprecedented in that country. Whether this will prove a bad thing or a good thing in the medium to long term must remain to be seen. Elsewhere in the world the Conductive Education is long dead, or indeed has never had legs to run at all.

One might add that most of those involved in CE are, well, not exactly media-savvy, devote little time and resources to creating media coverage, or even seem to find it aversive to be involved with the media at all.

What's news?

What makes a story 'sexy' in journalistic terms?
  • Ralph identifies one important factor: novelty. Frankly, where there has been interest in the past the story has now been done to death. Editors won't want the same thing it again, and again, and again. Just because you think that you have a new slant does not mean that editors can see the difference: it's still about the disabled, isn't it?.
  • Another factor is recognisability. The life, the families the education, the care of children and adults with disability is way, a of of most people's experience and imagining. There is nothing there for them to connect to.
  • Still photos often don't work to convey movement, and snapshots relate only to one instant in time so do not speak of change. The long-standing tendency to provide pictures that are cute or pretty may prove ultimately self defeating – if the kids look so OK, what's the big deal?
  • Everyone wants peace and good will – not the media, though. Nothing sparks media attention like a good row, conflict, controversy, angry words etc. Sponsors and fund-raisers, public agencies and 'professionals' might not like this and, given how much of the money for CE has to be found, their wishes may have to be taken into account. There are plenty of people out there with bad words to say about CE – great stories!
  • Associated with this, another category,some would say definition: news is something that somebody does not want to see in print.
  • And of course, scandal of any kind...
The trick for Conductive Education, if it wants to be news again, has to be new slants that most people can relate to their own concerns and experience, effectively conveying the message of change. And like it or not, there has to be recognition that change is not to everybody's taste and advantage – and this needs bringing out into the light of day, however much this might be resisted.

And the scandals? Espouse the media, think news management, and hope that it is true that all news is potentially good news.

Good luck

Tuesday, 21 January 2014


An historical footnote

A couple of years ago I was marginally involved in an unsuccessful submission to nominate Reuven Feuerstein for a Nobel Peace Prize:

Fredrik S. Heffermehl, a lawer from Oslo and author of the highly critical book The Nobel Peace Prize. What Nobel Really Wanted, has examined 64 nominations for the 2011 Peace Prize, whose identities have subsequently become known.

Based upon available information he has evaluated these nominees on a scale from 1 to 4 according to Nobel's original values, and assigned them to four groups:
  • group 1 – clearly qualified, i.e. the peace work that Nobel intended to support, for global disarmament through global law
through to
  • group 4 – clearly unqualified, i.e. may be impressive persons doing courageous, great peace work, but not for global-level system-change, law and disarmament.
Reuven's application fell into group 4:

This does not of course tell us how the Norwegian Government's Nobel Committee rated him. This will be published only in 47 years' time, in 2061.

* Heffermehl, F. S. (2010) The Nobel Peace Prize. What Nobel Really Wanted, Praeger,

Monday, 20 January 2014


New sites for old from Gill Maguire

Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information upon it.
                                                                                           Samuel Johnson
Virtual library – upgraded catalogue

This virtual library links to books, papers, reports – academic and non-academic – published on line. The virtual library links to these, and lists and presents them in a catalogue that is searchable by author, title, publisher, key words and language.

Most of the contents of the virtual library are freely accessible but note that academic journals often charge a fee to read their articles beyond the abstract.

Also included in this catalogue are the contents of the CE Document Depository – consisting of otherwise unpublished manuscripts stored and put on line by the virtual library. Access is open and free.

CE Information – blog reconstructed

Over the New Year Gill's Conductive Education Information blog was seriously hacked and effectively closed down. In response, with invaluable help from Ben Foulger, she has started again at a new URL:

Significant previous postings are being reconstituted and archived.

Knowledge portal

These two sites are part of a wider online knowledge portal into Conductive Education provided by Conduction:

Sunday, 19 January 2014


Never, Never Quit 
...Um es kurz zu machen: das Buch ist eine Fundgrube für alle, die sich für die Konduktive Förderung interessieren! Wenige der erwachsenen Köperbehinderten erzählen davon, wie es ihnen mit Konduktiver Förderung ergangen ist. Ralph Strzałkowski wirft in diesem Band „Niemals, niemals aufgeben“ ein einzigartiges Licht auf die Konduktive Förderung – wie er sie als Kind erlebt hat, wie er sie heute als Erwachsener reflektiert. Seine Erinnerungen beschäftigen sich mit Schmerzen, die er durch die Beinschienen beim Laufen hatte; mit der Rolle der Konduktoren am Petö Institut, mit ihrer Wärme im Gegensatz zu konventionellen Therapeuten, aber auch mit ihrer manchmal widersprüchlichen Erziehung zur Unabhängigkeit. Er beschreibt, was der Rollstuhl für seine Unabhängigkeit bedeutete. Häufig sind seine Eltern Thema und man darf sich getrost darin gespiegelt sehen, denn sie sind Beispiel für viele Eltern behinderter Kinder. Über vieles muss man lachen, zum Beispiel darüber, dass der Vater den Sohn nach seinem ersten Tag am Petöinstitut mit den Worten empfing: „Und – haben sie dir laufen beigebracht?“, um dann festzustellen, dass man diesen Vater so gut verstehen kann!
In seinem Keynotevortrag bei dem 8.Weltkongress für Konduktive Förderung im Oktober 2013 hat Ralph lebendig über sein Verhältnis und seine Reflektionen zu konduktiver Förderung referiert, das Publikum war begeistert. Er hat sich aber auch nicht gescheut, später darauf hinzuweisen, dass selbst bei diesem Kongress versäumt wurde, behinderten Referenten einen Zugang zur Bühne zu ermöglichen, er wurde vor der Bühne präsentiert.
Nachlesen kann man seine Gedanken, Erinnerungen und Reflektionen in dem Buch Never, never quit.My Conductive Education, erschienen bei Conductive Education Press, Birmingham, England, 2013.
Jedem, der sich für Konduktive Förderung interessiert, egal ob beruflich oder „privat“, empfehle ich dieses Buch sehr. Schade, dass es – noch? – nicht auf Deutsch herausgegeben wurde.
Ruth Dürr, BuchbesprechungThe Conductive Post, 14. Januar 2014

Lesen Sie die vollständige Buchbesprechung

Die Bücher der Conductive Education Press

Man kann alle Bücher hier kaufen:

Saturday, 18 January 2014


A lady has sung

I have left "Mária Hári" among my Google Alerts, to spot what might come up about her on the worldwide web, but this rarely rings out nowadays with something new. I had at one time hoped that the the creation of the Mária Hári Library at the Pető Institute in Budapest might lead to publication of further papers, perhaps even a resurgence of interest amongst scholars and conductors to create a worthy 'Háriology'. Ah, well, patience is its own reward...

Mária Hári is not a common name, in Hungary or anywhere else. There was a Hungarian Tibetologist and lexicographer but she also seems to evoke no fresh interest nowadays. It was a pleasant surprise, therefore to be awakened (early) to a new YouTube video:

'Maria Hari' on YouTube

Not what I had hoped for. We are in a folkloric tavern, with lots of rough wood and boldly patterned weaving. An instrumental group strikes up appropriate music, and some big lads, appropriately costumed, strike up appropriate poses and do an appropriate dance.

At the foot of the picture a label tells me that this comes from Tiankov TV in Sofia, Bulgaria. It also tells me that I am watching Ана-Мария Хари Христов Айше мори (Ana-Maria Hari Hristov Aishe mori). I have no idea what this means.

A gentleman in a suit sings, the band plays on and the lads continue dancing. Everybody smiles. Then a blond lady in a sparkly black trouser-suit make her entrance and joins in the singing. Can she be Ana-Maria Hari?

She is certainly not Mária Jozefa Hári of Conductive Education fame. Still, the video is a glimpse into yet another EU country and people of whom I know virtually nothing and a few minutes' easy-listening. I see that Ana-Maria Hari already has 27 YouTube videos, so no doubt I shall hear of her again.

There is a already another version of this song, outdoors this time, from Bulgaria's Folklor TV:

I don't believe in omens

Do they think it's all over as far as 'our' Mária Hári concerned? I hope and trust that it isn't.

Even now that the Bulgarian lady has sung...

Friday, 17 January 2014


Now joining The Conductive Post

Boo and family

Somewhere in England, as we used to say, there is a little boy known as Boo. He was born very prematurely and is now nearly two, with cerebral palsy. His mother started blogging in April last year, and chooses to remain anonymous for good stated reasons. Here is about all that one is going to know about her explicitly for the moment:

Boo's father is referred to as the Grumposaur. Boo is the second of two children, his five-year-old sister being referred to as Sissyboo. His mother writes with clarity and passion. She is remarkably good at responding to Comments.

CE sessions

Since September last year Boo has been attending parent-and child sessions with his mother, for one morning a week. Boo's mother has had enough else to blog about in raising a young child with cerebral palsy but has begun to report what she experiences and thinks during those sessions.

All her postings are now being notified automatically on The Conductive Post. Those specifically mentioning CE began on 6 September last year, and of course make their fullest sense only in the context of Boo's whole life.

Thursday, 16 January 2014


Might this help?
(It takes me back to the late eighties)

Those were the days

In 1986 the Soviet-made airliners of MALÉV, Hungary's then national air carrier (the ones that looked as if they had bomb-aimers positions in the nose) flew between Budapest's tiny Ferihegy Airport and London's Heathrow. British Airways ran alongside it. One of many unexpected effects of BBC TV's first broadcast of Standing up for Joe was the sudden influx of disabled children and their families on to MALÉV's and British Airways' altogether unprepared London-Budapest services, met by their equally unprepared flight crews and ground staff. Soon this was to include sometimes substantial parties (I think particularly here of Buddy Bear) and of course this 'pilgrimage' effect soon spread to other countries (Israel in particular) before it thinned out across the world.

Those who witnessed and took part in those events will have their own memories, good and bad. Oh, those aircraft holds and overhead lockers jammed with buggies and all the other paraphernalia of of living with a disabled child outside the Western comfort zone! I myself particularly remember 'the MALÉV lady' at Heathrow who for years ushered anxious parents and their sometimes tired and distressed children down through the departure gates at Heathrow.

Those were the days, a long time ago now, rather late to acknowledge the efforts, hope and anxieties of everyone involved. It was all very real at the time, however.

The world moves on

That was another age, in all sorts of respects. Very, very slowly now, and often as result only of bad experiences and battle, the general lot of disabled air-travellers of all ages, and their companions, has shown improvement – though horror stories of events, ill-managed in some cases on both sides, still surface, too often. Now I learn, from Tsad Kadima's Facebook page, that the comfort and convenience of disabled children and their families may be somewhat improved by the introduction of a new adaptation to fit airline seats, suitable for children aged around three to eleven years:

The great surge from the UK and other countries to Budapest is long over, though a trickle continues. But many, many families who now access Conductive Education in their own countries also take holidays and have other reasons to go places. I have no idea how many this adaptation might enable, or whether it is just another holiday gadget to buy and carry, but here it is for consideration:

Thursday, 9 January 2014


In place of education

The other day the Internet served me up a 'famous quotation' about Conductive Education:
[Conductive Education] is not a good fit for other disorders, like autism and Down syndrome, ... It's designed specifically for motor skill disabilities and it doesn't work well with cognitive disabilities…
To be honest, I was rather surprised that there are any 'famous quotes' about Conductive Education, so I looked to see who had said or written this one, when and where?

Quotation lists

This quotation appears on line as one of a huge list of quotations on all sorts of topics. Its author is given as Stephanie Reed, but with no further information to suggest who she is and where or when this was published. I did find that there are a number of such quotation lists on line, intended for students looking to embellish their coursework. Several of them include this quotation, plus another half dozen also attributed to Stephanie Reed on Conductive Education. This is the collection that I found first:

I do not know whether in 2014 many students around the world are writing assignments on Conductive Education. If they are, and if a proportion do indeed use such cribs, then these seven quotations from Stephanie Reed are indeed de facto famous – and Ms Read must be a bit of a superstar to the assignment-writing classes.

Stephanie Reed

Stephanie Reed may not know that her words have won such attention.

She is the mother of a child with cerebral palsy. The usual therapies were begun at eight months of age but by two years Stephanie realised that something else was required, and She first heard mention of Conductive Education. In February 2004 the 60 Minutes TV report on CE galvanised her into action, and she took her daughter to Grand Rapids for four weeks. Then she privately hired conductors, Erika and Peter Bartos, and the decision to open a center in Bluffton, South Carolina, soon followed

In August 2005 Stephanie told her story to her local newspaper – a familiar enough story across North America, and the rest of the English-speaking world and some of Western Europe. This write-up, written by local reporter Jacqueline Lewis, was indeed rather better than some such that one might read elsewhere. This article is the source of all seven famous quotations listed. Though the particular quotation that first caught my attention is a bit off target, the other half dozen taken together offer a fair picture. Quite an achievement, Stephanie and Jacqueline.

I wonder whether either realises what wide use this report has been put to.

The center was the Grace Center, still running. Stephanie Reed's daughter attends high school, but Stephanie is still with the Grace Centre. So are Erika and Peter Bartos. Jacqueline Lewis is still with the newspaper. Good innings all round.

And Stephanie's words have lived on. Rightly or wrongly, they help fix Conductive Education in the culture.


Those who routinely write assignments, and those who set and mark them, might be surprised at my initial bemusement at the chance generation of CE's seven famous quotations.

Knowledge commodified to feed the perceived requirements of students within the education system. There is nothing really new here, I suppose, except the electronic tools of the trade – and the sophisticated electronic tools that teachers and lecturers routinely use to combat it.

Almost as bemusing for me are the social structures that have created an apparent need for all this activity in the first place. Nothing specific to Conductive Education, of course. All work for the working man, and woman. And such a waste of time.

The quotes are free. For a small fee, of course, you can have the whole assignment written for you. It looks quite a service. One of its advertised features is 'No plagiarism'!

A precedent

In a less technological age, in pre-War Austria, writing other people's coursework was one of the ways in which András Pető made a living. Allegedly.

Now, if you would like to quote from or about him...


Lewis, J. (2005) The Island Packet, 30 August

Maguire, G., Sutton, A. (eds.) (2013) CEP Quotationary of András Pető and Conductive Education, Birmingham, Conductive Education Press

Reed, S. (n.d.) Quotes, Custom Papers Network

Wednesday, 8 January 2014


CE Info to be reborn after destructive bug
New format coming soon, at new URL

Gill Maguire received an unwelcome present over Christmas and the New Year, a particularly vicious bug on her blog that is jamming the whole works and just does not wish to go away.

So, abandon ship and start again. Ben Foulger is tailoring her a new blog to suit her needs, and this will be launched in a few days' time. It will be notified here when it appears – and will also of course appear as before on Conductive Post.

It was particularly galling that this happened when it did as the posting that marked the bug's arrival was notification of the new search facility just installed for the virtual CE library.

Gill will recount all this and more when CE Info is back in business next week

The buggers who caused this damage, by the way, are apparently in Morocco.

IT help needed for Conductive Education?

Do you need IT help? Would you like a blog tailored to your website?

Or something else of an e-nature?

To discuss IT possibilities, contact conductor Ben Foulger:


Previewed by citation in 
Italian journal article

An article was published a week ago in a journal called Journal of Sports Sciences and the Law. This is a free electronic journal published by the Faculty of Movement Sciences at the University of Palermo in Sicily, with some articles in English and others in Italian:

The article quotes from the two opening pages of a forthcoming book by Franz Schaffhauser, Rector of the Pető Institute in Budapest. Franz's book is to be called On the educational-philosophical foundations of conductive pedagogy. No further publication details are provided (indeed, it is not altogether clear from the article whether the book has or has not yet already appeared).

One can say nothing about Franz's book on this basis, but the Italian article offers a sort of perspective on CE unfamiliar in the English-speaking world. One will doubtless hear more.

Sicilian presentations

In 2012 two of the authors contributed presentations to an Italian ntional sports science congress physical education conference held that year in Palermo, Sicily, apparently in English:
  • Darius Costantino: 'Conductive pedagogy as educational action for young people and adults with motor disability'
  • Salvatore Costantino: 'Mária Hári and her conductive pedagogy'

At the end of December 2013 a brief PowerPoint presentation, 'Mária Hári and her conductive pedagogy' by Salvatore Costantino, was published on line. It looks like an abstract for a conference.

The third author, Antonio Palma, lectures in physical education at the University of Palermo. I can find no other publications or presentations of his on CE.

I wonder whether their involvement is widely known in Conductive Education.


Costantino, D. (2012) Conductive pedagogy as educational action for young people and adults with motor disability, Ricerca & Formazione applicate alle Scienze Motorie e Sportive: IV Congresso Nazionale, Palermo, 5-7 October, p. 8

Costantino, S. (2012) Mária Hári and her conductive pedagogy, Formazione applicate alle Scienze Motorie e Sportive: IV Congresso Nazionale, Palermo, 5-7 October, p. 9

Costantino, S. (2013) Conductive Education as educational action for young people and adults with motor disability (PowerPoint presntation: four slides), Docstop, 29 December (pay only)
and at (free, open access)

Costantino, D., Costantino, S. Palma, A, (2012) Conductive Education and its many-sided conceptual system, Journal of Sports Sciences and the Law, 2012 3-4, pp. 129-135
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