Friday, 4 March 2016

RUSSIAN FEDERATION, NATIONAL CONSULTATION

Future of staff training in special education


A contribution to the process

Sutton, A. (2015) Preliminary steps in reforming the system for training staff for the system of education for disabled people in the Russian Federation, Bulletin of the Minin University, 2015/4 [n.p.]

Formal abstract
В статье определены и охарактеризованы главные приоритеты модернизации системы педагогического образования в Российской Федерации. Они представлены в широком контексте процесса реформирования образования на всех уровнях системы и в специфических условиях развития специального образования. Показаны пять основных навыков, которые должны быть сформированы в процессе профессиональной подготовки специалистов для специального образования. В статье проанализированы достоинства инновационной образовательной программы «Педагогика и психология потенциальных возможностей», которая разработана в соответствии с концепцией свободных искусств, в рамках подходов и принципов кондуктивного образования. Программа была разработана для образования на уровне бакалавриата.
Conductive Education

The article includes some brief introductory words on Conductive Education. English translation –
International experience of conductive education had shown in practice the consistency and expediency of considering a child with special needs to be a whole individual, using a systematic and complex approach to rehabilitation. An intention to create conditions that stimulate children to demonstrate their vital functions and to use all their abilities for complex and systematic development, is reflected in a book “Pedagogy and Psychology of Potential” and fits the principles and aims of conductive education. Certainly, the main aim of this approach is to bring up people who are active, fruitful and thoughtful, and able to think creatively and solve different problems with their vital functions. The essence of the approaches in conductive education is determined in many respects by the initial meaning of the Latin word “conducere” – to bring together. Teachers, dealing with special needs children, take the role of conductors, helping children with their various vital functions and encouraging their many-sided development. All these demand of its specialists knowledge from the spheres of pedagogy, psychology, anatomy and medicine, plus definite personal qualities and a way of thinking.
The book mentioned, 'The pedagogy and psychology of potential abilities', has been produced by staff of the Menin University in Nizhnii Novgorod, and proposes a radical basis for reform of special education across the Federation, and its professional training.

It could create an educational system that Conductive Education might find compatible.

This, however, is for the future and what happens in this respect in Russia could prove extremely instructive to those working in 'special needs' around the world – especially to those in countries like the United Kingdom where the very expression 'special education' is now anathema.

A previous posting on this topic


References

(2014) Педагогика и психология потенциальных возможностей [The pedagogy and psychology of potential abilities], Мининский университет.

Cаттон, Э. (2015) Приоритетные шаги в реформировании системы подготовки кадров для системы образования лиц с ограниченными возможностями здоровья в Pоссийской Федерации[Preliminary steps in reforming the system for training staff for the system of education for disabled people in the Russian Federation], Вестник Мининского университета, 2015/4 [n.p.]



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