English version as well as Swedish
I just spotted something new to me –
Konduktiv pedagogik – ett pedagogiskt program för barn med Cerebral Pares
Conductive education – an educational program for children with cerebral palsy
This is a very brief Swedish research review ('Reading time approx. 3 minutes') from SBU (Swedish Agency for Health Technology), as part of its medical Alert series.
The first version of this review was dated 16 June 2000 and as far as I can see it is not on line.
A second version, dated 31 October 2001, is on line and available, in Swedish only:
So is an English translation of Version 1. This is undated, but it possibly followed publication of Version 2 which it mentions:
Sorry if this seems a muddle. I just report this stuff.
Conductive Education, verdict
This review ends, as they often do –
...Treatment usually is carried out in groups and by a so-called conductor.
Conductive education has been assessed in only a few controlled studies in England and Australia. These studies have focused mainly on the child's progress in motor skills, and the method has been compared to traditional physiotherapy i.e. NDT or Bobath Therapy. No studies have shown differences among the children who received training through conductive education and those who received traditional treatment. It should be pointed out that the studies include only a limited number of children, which means it is difficult to draw reliable conclusions on the effects.
Alert finds there is poor* scientific documentation on conductive education as regards patient benefits and risks in the short term. There is no* scientific documentation concerning its long-term effects or cost effectiveness.
The lack of comparative scientific follow-up concerns not only conductive education in its various forms, but also many other treatment methods used in the treatment of Cerebral Palsy patients. To acquire an understanding of the overall effects of different rehabilitation programs, it is necessary to compare them with control groups that receive no treatment. It can be difficult to motivate such assessments of already established methods. However, before new methods are introduced it is important to demonstrate their advantages and disadvantages in relationship to, or as a complement to, established methods.
Reviews like this once came thick and fast and certainly played a role in impeding the progress of Conductive Education. They have not altogether halted it (witness its present commercial success in Sweden).
One may one day, however, see the likes of such stuff again. Perhaps. Be prepared, just in case.
What is SBU?
SBU evaluates methods used by medical and social services
We are an independent national authority, tasked by the government with assessing health care interventions from a broad perspective, covering medical, economic, ethical and social aspects.
SBU assessments are based on ‘systematic literature reviews’ of published research. The review method developed by SBU is thorough and rigorous.
SBU was founded in 1987. We are one of the oldest HTA (Health Technology Assessment) organisations in the world.
Forssberg, H., Rösblad, B., Sanner, G. (no date) Conductive Education – an educational program for children with cerebral palsy, SBU Alert, Stockholm, Statens Beredning för Medicinsk och Social Utvärdering